The idealistic thought that was propagated during the romanticism by a great German philosopher Johann Wolfgang Goethe stimulates the activity of almost 195countries, which are engaged, within a framework of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), into the protection of our legacy from the past, to ensure its safekeeping for the future generations. That cultural premise, from its source, also concerns at present the most exceptional natural properties, which are constantly faced with variety of threats that could have negative effects on their universal value. In this intention, UNESCO was adopted, in 1972, an international agreement, called «The Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage».
It was founded on the argument that our world’s most outstanding natural and cultural heritage has to be part of the common heritage, and as such should be protected by the international community as a whole, irrespective of the territory on which they are located, and without prejudice to national sovereignty or ownership. By signing the Convention, a country becomes its State Party and so, it gathers a prestige, which is reflected in the inscription on the World Heritage List. Actually, it is represented by 1121 world’s properties, with 869 cultural sites, 213 – naturals and 39 mixed, situated on the land of 165 State Parties.